It is very important to maintain a normal blood sugar level during pregnancy. Women who have diabetes disease need to be more vigilant than normal pregnant women. Those women have to maintain their target blood sugar level. If not maintained, those women may suffer from many types of diseases.
Women suffering from gestational diabetes or formerly with the disease should have blood sugar levels at less than 95 mg / dL in fasting and before eating, less than 120 mg / dL after two hours of eating. This is a general medical guideline, but for this, it is extremely important to seek medical advice.
It is very important to control the blood glucose level during pregnancy. A healthy baby can be given by keeping blood sugar level under control. Those who have gestational diabetes during pregnancy need to be especially cautious.
So in this article, we talk about the normal blood sugar level in pregnancy. Here we will discuss what happens if it is normal and if it is abnormal then pregnant women try to find out what problems they may have to face.
The normal blood sugar level during pregnancy
In pregnancy, women can protect the mother and child by keeping the blood sugar level normal and maintaining it. For mothers, the target HbA1c6.1 and 43 mmol/mol should be used before pregnancy and during pregnancy.
For those people who have diabetes disease before pregnancy, there is a great need to keep the blood sugar level under control during pregnancy. Eight weeks of onset are very important during pregnancy, during this time it is very important to create a normal blood sugar level in pregnancy.
Mothers who have gestational diabetes and have high insulin levels with diet and exercise are treated with oral hypoglycemic or insulin injections.
To achieve a blood glucose target it is necessary to maintain a normal blood sugar level in pregnancy. For this, regular examination of the pregnant woman is necessary.
Why it is important to keep a normal blood sugar level during pregnancy?
It did not matter whether you had diabetes before pregnancy or whether you had this disease during pregnancy.
But it is very important to have a normal blood sugar level in pregnancy, so during pregnancy, you need to have your blood sugar level checked periodically.
Complications related to pregnancy and a variety of problems can be avoided by maintaining normal blood sugar levels in pregnancy.
Maintenance of normal blood sugar level in pregnancy keeps both mother and child safe.
What causes a change in blood sugar level?
Maintaining a normal blood sugar level in pregnancy is very important. During the pregnancy, all kinds of foods are developed by consuming different types of foods, while pregnant woman and infants remain healthy.
During this time, there is a rapid change in the body’s hormones, due to which the body makes insulin and uses it. In the later stages of pregnancy, pregnant women may become more insulin resistant, due to which blood sugar level can be high.
Overall, it is extremely important to maintain normal blood sugar levels in pregnancy.
What is Gestational Diabetes
In general, two to four per cent of women have a chance of temporarily contracting diabetes, known as gestational diabetes. This is because they are unable to produce increased insulin.
Gestational diabetes does not show any external symptoms. But they see symptoms like excessive thirst, fatigue, frequent urination.
If patients feel this kind of change in their body, they immediately need medical advice.
How often to check the blood sugar level?
Pre-existing diabetes: Check Diabetes before and after meals and before bedtime.
Gestational diabetes: To maintain a normal blood sugar level in pregnancy, in the case of gestational diabetes, check blood sugar level before breakfast and every time after a meal. For this, you can seek medical advice, while you can know how much time you should check after eating.
Mid-night checkup: If you are pregnant and you are suffering from type 1 diabetes, take insulin, then your doctor may advise you to have blood sugar levels checked at night.
If you are suffering from any type of diabetes disease to maintain a normal blood sugar level in pregnancy, you may need medical advice at least once a month or once a week.
How does diabetes affect your baby?
It has been found from several reports that during pregnancy, there is a possibility of diabetes because there is no defect in the baby. Therefore, normal blood sugar levels is important to maintain in pregnancy.
Infant mortality and birth defects
The chances of birth defect in the baby are more in diabetic women as compared to normal women. With proper care precautionary complications are avoided and a healthy pregnancy happens.
Women who had diabetes before pregnancy may have more problems during pregnancy. Such women are more likely to have hypertension, kidney disease, nerve damage and diabetes-retinopathy.
Reasons for High blood sugar
Pregnant mothers who have diabetes, their body produces excess insulin due to the high blood sugar level. Women with type 1 diabetes should seek expert advice.
The baby’s blood glucose level at birth can be hypoglycemic. Experts can check this by doing a blood test. On the other hand, deficiency of glucose is rectified by oral or other methods.
After this, other blood tests are done in the sixth week of pregnancy. In these tests the experts check whether the pregnant woman needs to be given medicine in the future.
What to do for a normal pregnancy?
Pregnant women who suffer from gestational diabetes are asked to change their exercise routine with a change in diet so that there is no problem in the birth of the baby.
During this time, experts suggest pregnant women do low-pressure exercises such as walking, swimming, yoga and pilates. According to medical advice, changes should also be made in your diet. Such people should pay special attention to food and how much fat to eat.
Here it is important to note that fat is important part the diet chart. It is advised to take regular amounts according to the body. At the same time, it is advisable to consume fruits and green vegetables, along with the advice to consume less amount of salt in the diet.
Please consult a dietician or nutritionist for this.
When to take expert advice?
For the normal blood sugar level during pregnancy, patients can seek the advice of a health expert such as a dietician and nutritionist with a doctor.
If you have diabetes during pregnancy or had diabetes in the past, then you to be very cautious. As compared to normal people there can be complications associated with pregnancy.
Part of the Diet for Weight Loss Editorial Team 2021