Gum diseases and their Symptoms and treatment

Gum diseases Symptoms and treatment

Gum diseases are a sign of bad oral health, know about some common gum diseases, their symptoms and treatment.

Gum diseases are a sign of bad oral health, know about some common gum diseases, their symptoms and treatment.

Cleaning teeth daily is very important for good oral health. Whenever we talk about oral health, it is not just about teeth cleaning. In oral health, the health of the gums and the health of the mouth is also associated. Gum diseases can occur due to dirt in the teeth or due to lack of vitamin C in the body, use of any medicines or any health condition. If your gums are not healthy, then dental health may not be good either. Today, through this article, we will discuss gum diseases as well as oral diseases. Learn how gum disease damages your oral health their symptoms and treatment methods.

What are Gum diseases?

Just as the problem of toothache, tooth infection occurs, similarly gums can also suffer. Gum disease includes gingivitis which is swelling of gums. Gingivitis is caused by bacterial infection. If gingivitis is ignored, the likelihood of a serious infection called periodontitis increases. The American Dental Association believes, Gingivitis and Periodontitis are the main causes of tooth loss. Know what is the problem of Gingivitis.

What are Gingivitis and Periodontitis?

Gum infection is called gingivitis in medical terms. Your teeth are attached to the gums to the lower point. The edges have a very small space, which is called Sulcus. Food and plaque accumulate on these edges and cause infection of the gums. A plaque is a bandage of bacteria. It forms a thin layer in the tooth. If it is not treated, it becomes hardened tartar. If the plaque reaches the gums, it becomes a cause of gingival infection ie Periodontitis. Teeth are separated from the gums due to inflammation of the gums. For this reason, the chances of injury are increased in soft tissue and bones. If treatment of gums infection is not taken, then teeth can also fall. If the health of the gums worsens, there may be a chance of losing teeth.

Symptoms of gum disease

The problem of gingivitis can be corrected, but gingivitis should never be taken lightly. Swollen gums can also be a symptom of oral cancer. Only after examination, the doctor will be able to give you the correct information about the disease. Know what are the symptoms of gum disease.

  • Bad breath or bad taste
  • Loose teeth
  • Redness and swelling of the gums
  • Problems while eating
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Gums pulled away from the teeth

If the above symptoms appear in your gums, a doctor should be contacted immediately. If you get gum disease treated at the right time, then you can keep your teeth healthier for a long. Your dentist can give you more information about it.

What are mouth disorders?

To better oral health, you not only need to take care of teeth, but you also have to avoid oral diseases. Mouth diseases can also damage your teeth. Dryness of the mouth may be due to reduced saliva, while infection can result in sores in the mouth. Common mouth disorders are mentioned below:

Cold Sores

Cold sores problems in the mouth are due to virus infection. Cold sources occur outside the mouth. They emerge as blisters on the lips. When they are inside the mouth, they can also affect the gums. Cold sores do not have any treatment, they heal on their own. Doctors help antiviral medicines to reduce symptoms of the disease and at the same time to relieve pain.

Canker Sores

Canker sores are small, round sores, which may occur on the inside of the cheeks, under the tongue, or behind the throat. They are red in colour and the middle part is brown. Canker sores cause pain. If you have a viral infection, then it can be seen in the mouth. They spread quickly when there is stress, allergies, or a lack of vitamins and minerals. They heal on their own after some time.

Diagnosis of gum disease

A small ruler is used to diagnose gum disease. With its help, doctors can check the inflammation of the gums. It also used to check for pockets around the gums. Dentists can also perform X-rays to check for bone loss. Talk to your doctor for more information about the risk factors of gum disease. If you have gingivitis, you may be referred to a periodontist. Periodontists treat gum disease. 

Treatment of Gum diseases

For the treatment of gum disease, doctors recommend maintaining oral hygiene. Besides quitting smoking, it is very important to clean the teeth daily. Doctors take the help of tooth tip cleaning, antibiotic medications, surgery etc. to solve the problem.

Cleaning teeth

During the cleaning of teeth, the doctor removes the plaque layer in the teeth with the help of surgery. Plaque accumulates in the teeth, which also damages the gums. Therefore deep cleaning of teeth is very important. The laser helps clean the tartar, which causes neither pain nor bleeding.


Doctors also treat the problem of gums with the help of Medications. Antiseptic mouthwash, which contains chlorhexidine, eliminates infection. To remove the infection, doctors recommend antibiotics. When gums and teeth become more damaged, their wounds are filled through bone and tissue grafts.

How to avoid Gum diseases?

Do not ignore oral health at all to avoid gum disease. You should get a regular dental checkup done. To care for gum health you can also do the following:

  • If there is bleeding from the gums, do not take it lightly. These may be symptoms of infection.
  • Do not let children brush alone but stand with them and tell them the right way to clean teeth.
  • Smoking can cause gum health to deteriorate. Smoking also acts to weaken the immune system. The gum healing process slows down due to smoking.
  • Ignore sweet foods and eat fibre-rich food. Vegetables and fruits will improve your oral health.
  • For good dental health, you should immediately check with a doctor if you show signs of illness.
  • Clean the teeth twice a day. It would be better if you use fluoride toothpaste.
  • Do not brush the gums harder. Sometimes, brushing is also a problem due to strong brushing.
  • Use regular mouthwash after consulting a doctor.

These are different types of gum problems, their common symptoms and treatment methods.

Do not hide the problems of gums and mouth, but treat them. By doing this you can improve oral health. You can understand how important is oral hygiene and ignoring it can cause server problems. 

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