A fracture is commonly known as a bone fracture. Breaking of bones is a problem occurring at any age. Although many times bones are also broken due to increasing age or due to lack of any medical condition such as calcium, bone fractures also occur in many different ways. Today, in this article, you will share complete information related to Spiral Fracture.
- What is Spiral Fracture?
- What are the symptoms of a spiral fracture?
- What are the causes of a spiral fracture
- How is the diagnosis of a spiral fracture done?
- How is a spiral fracture treated?
- Important information related to fracture
Let us now try to find out the answer to these questions related to each fracture and understand how to overcome the problem of spiral fracture as soon as possible.
What is Spiral Fracture?
A spiral fracture is also known as a Torsion fracture. In general terms, the area where the bone breaks during this fracture is completely broken. This fracture is considered a type of complete fracture. This happens when the person is moving very fast and the body part is in motion even after the bone is broken. Hence, it is placed in the category of complete fracture and there are many other categories as well. like:
However, the result of a spiral fracture is always two separate pieces of bone. During spiral fracture, the bone looks like a broken bone corkscrew or curved, because the broken bone occurs diagonally.
What are the symptoms of a spiral fracture?
According to published reports at the Shanal Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), a spiral fracture is considered to be one of the most painful fractures. In the event of a spiral fracture, pain is felt in the factored area. However, if the injury is serious, then the problem will be more. With this, it can have the following symptoms. Like:
- Bone stiffness.
- Failure to move from the fractured part.
- Swelling and redness on the fractured area.
- Fracture area to be very soft (Tenderness).
The symptoms mentioned above can occur if there is a Spiral Fracture in the bone, but if there is a skin fracture along with it, there can be a problem of bleeding.
What are the causes of spiral fracture?
Spiral fracture or Torsion fracture occurs when your body is at a high speed and some part of the body, such as a foot agar, gets hurt suddenly. During this time, due to excessive motion of the body, the body part moves forward, which results in more pressure on the broken bone. A spiral fracture is particularly a sports injury or a fracture caused by a fall. Spiral fracture or torsion fracture most prey on the long bone of the body, such as the tibia bone.
If the spiral fracture occurs in young children, it is called Toddler’s fractures. During this, the bone becomes twisted or there is more jointing on the bone. At the same time, in addition to toddler fractures in children, the problem of greenstick fractures is also seen, why the bones of children are very soft.
Spiral fractures in adults may have the following reasons. like:
- Tibia or shinbone rupture.
- Fibula or any other small bone rupture, which is the parallel of the tibia.
- Breaking of the talus bone present near the tibia and fibula.
- Femur and Thighbone rupture.
- Bone rupture of the humerus or upper arm.
- Fingers bones rupture.
The reasons mentioned above are considered to be the main causes of spiral fracture.
How is a spiral fracture diagnosed?
During the diagnosis of a spiral fracture, first of all, tell your doctor how the injury has happened. Doing this will help doctors quickly understand the type of fracture. During this time, the doctor will do a physical examination of the patient and will pay special attention to the place of injury. During the physical exam, the doctor will pay special attention to the following points. like:
- Skin fracture or muscle tear.
- The place where the injury is severe is soft.
- How much movement is there in the fracture area.
Focusing on all these things, doctors perform the following tests. like:
- X-ray – With the help of an X-ray, the image of the broken bone can be easily seen and the bone is dislocated from its actual area.
- CT scan – With the help of a CT scan, if there is an injury on any other part of the body, it gets information.
Given the condition of these two test reports, the treatment of the patient is started as soon as possible.
How is a spiral fracture treated? (Treatment for Spiral Fracture)
In the event of a spiral fracture, the bone falls into a structure such as zigzag, which is both difficult to treat and quick to heal. Hence, Stable Spiral Fracture and Displaced Spiral Fracture are treated differently, which are as follows.
Stable Spiral Fracture
Stubble spiral fractures are often seen in children. During this, the fractured part is plastered for 4 to 6 weeks, after which the bone gradually returns to its earlier state.
Displaced Spiral Fracture
Surgery is used in the event of a demonstrated spiral fracture. During this time, the patient is given general anesthesia and surgery is started in the fractured area. During this, doctors first place the bone in their position. This surgery procedure is called Reduction surgery. Reduction surgery is followed by a plaster, which is removed after a few weeks.
Drugs given after reduction surgery are as follows:
- Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs.
- Codeine is prescribed with acetaminophen.
During Bone fracture, do not take any medicine of your own free will. During this time, take only the medicines prescribed by the doctor. If the patient is already suffering from any disease like diabetes, high blood pressure, or any other disease, then please inform the doctor about this.
During the treatment of Spiral Fracture, when the plaster is removed due to the absence of movement due to the plaster used to join the bone together physical therapy is recommended to follow. During this time, physical therapy experts also provide different types of exercises to the patient.
Important information related to fracture
- The treatment of any fracture may take 3 to 6 months to heal. Therefore, during this time, understand everything of the doctor carefully and follow them.
- Sometimes it may take 6 months or more than 1 year for the fracture to heal. So, be no panic and take care of yourself.
- Do not move the fractured areas until the plaster is applied.
- In the event of a foot fracture, you can place the pillow under the foot.
- If the fingers do not work properly due to plaster or do not feel sensibility or turn black on that place, then inform the doctor about it.
- Stabilize the plastered portion, but shake the other parts. Yes, if the plastered part is damaged during this time, do not do so.
- Keep the fractured area away from water.
- Sometimes there is itching on the plastered area, so in such a situation, do not use any sharp object or do not put any object inside.
Keep these things in mind, which can be beneficial for you during the fracture and even after the fracture has healed.
If you want to know the answer to any kind of questions related to Spiral Fracture, then please contact your doctor. Take care not to treat any injury or fracture by yourself, because doctors treat keeping in mind the patient’s health condition.